Seeds – Heirlooms, Hybrids and GMOs

Heirloom: Seed that has been saved and grown for a period of years and is passed down by the gardener that preserved it. It has a provenance, of sorts. To be capable of being saved, all heirloom seed must be open pollinated. Open pollinated or OP plants are simply varieties that are capable of producing seeds that will produce seedlings just like the parent plant. * Great for Seed saving, you should get the same result year after year.

Hybrids: Plant breeders cross compatible types of plants in an effort to create a plant with the best features of both parents. Many of our modern plants and vegetables are the results of these crosses (hybrids). While plants can cross-pollinate in nature and hybrids repeatedly selected and grown may eventually stabilize, many hybrid seeds are relatively new crosses and seed from these hybrids will not produce plants with identical qualities. * Ok for seed saving but you probably will not get the same result year after year. Seed from hybridized plants tends to revert to the qualities of the parents, so tomatoes grown from seeds saved from your ‘Early Girl’ tomatoes might still be tasty, but not so early.

GMO: Hybrids should not be confused with genetically modified organisms or (GMOs) which, according to’s Biotech Guide, can be any plant, animal or microorganism which have been genetically altered using molecular genetics techniques such as gene cloning and protein engineering. Plants like corn that has the pesticide Bt engineered into its genetic makeup to make it resistant to certain pests are GMO crops. Bt is a natural pesticide, but it would never naturally find its way into corn seed. * Do not save these seeds (in fact try not to purchase) you may get sued- just ask Percy Schmeiser.

These are distributors of Monsanto/Seminis seeds

Audubon Workshop
Breck’s Bulbs
Cook’s Garden
Dege Garden Center
Earl May Seed
E & R Seed Co
Flower of the Month Club Ferry Morse – they are a french company that sells GMO seeds. They are big enough here I wanted to add them.
Gardens Alive

Germania Seed Co
Garden Trends

Johnny’s Seeds
Lindenberg Seeds
McClure and Zimmerman Quality Bulb Brokers
Mountain Valley Seed
Park Seed
Park Bulbs
Park’s Countryside Garden
R.H. Shumway
Rocky Mountain Seed Co
Roots and Rhizomes
Seeds for the World
Seymour’s Selected Seeds
Spring Hill Nurseries
Totally Tomato
T&T Seeds
Tomato Growers Supply
Vermont Bean Seed Co.
The Vermont Bean Seed Company
Wayside Gardens
Willhite Seed Co.
Also avoid any company who gets their seeds from companies listed on these pages: (Western US) (Eastern US) (Canada)
From the web site Check it out for updates.

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